UTRO


IRRIGATION
&
WATER MANAGEMENT
IN ANCIENT TAMIL NADU
About the Book

    Increasing the water resources and proper application of regularized irrigation system have been greatly felt by our government and due importance is being given to the Department of Irrigation and Water Management to find out new means and methods that can be safely applied to satisfy the growing demand of agricultural produces.

     As indicated by the words "Experience is the matter of inventions", the experiences gained by the ancient Thamils on Irrigation & water Management could aid at least to some extent to find out new means and methods to be applied in the process of Irrigation & water Management to solve the present day problems on Irrigational works.

     The present work is the thesis submitted by the author for her M.Phil. Degree course. The techniques and talents of the ancient Thamils on irrigational works of those days are all expounded briefly and explicitly, supported by Literary, archaeological and epigraphical evidences added with illustrations, Maps and Tables. The book will definitely serve as a source book for historians, agriculturists, people of Irrigation Department and for all researchers, who are working in this field.

     Ancient Tamils had well-defined principles in irrigation and agriculture. Irrigation works undertaken by the Sangam people, Scientific knowledge of the ancient Tamils in constructing tanks and wells, their technical skill in constructing dams and barrages across rivers to divert water for irrigation are discussed with sources of inscriptional and archaeological references. Mechanical devices used by the ancient Tamils for water-lifting from wells and ponds, their engineering talents in constructing sluices in tanks and dams to regulate water-discharge, their awareness in the use of closed-pipe system in water transportation are all dealt with. Methods of regulating water supply in those days- Official machinery dealing with water management; Rules and regulations on water management enforced under Pallava period and the efforts taken in the maintenance of water reservoirs repairs, renovations and maintenance of irrigation works and sources of revenue for these maintenance works are clearly discussed.
Contents
PREFACE
FOREWORD
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
NOTE ON TRANSLITERATION AND DIACRITICAL MARKS
ABBREVIATIONS
ABBREVIATIONS FOR LITERARY WORKS
LIST OF TABLES
LIST OF MAPS
LIST OF PLATES
CHAPTER 1 - INTRODUCTION
      1. Sources of Information
      2. Water Resources
      3. Fertility of land In Ancient Tamil Nadu
      4. Drought and Famine In Ancient Tamil Nadu
CHAPTER 2 - IRRIGATION
      1. Importance of Irrigation
      2. Antiquity of Irrigation
      3. Types of Irrigation
CHAPTER 3 - IRRIGATION AND AGRICULTURE
       1. Cultivation In Ancient Period
      2. Soil Discrimination In Sangam Period
      3. Cultivation In Sangam Period
      4. Role of Ploughing in Agriculture
      5. Agricultural Practices
      6. Ancient Irrigation
      7. Agricultural Products
CHAPTER 4 - IRRIGATION WORKS
      1. Role of Village Organizations
      2. Construction of Wells for Irrigation
      3. Construction of Reservoirs
      4. Construction works for River Irrigation
      5. The Sluice - A Regulator of water - supply
CHAPTER 5 - PROCESS OF IRRIGATION
      1. Well Irrigation
      2. River and Tank Irrigation
CHAPTER 6 - WATER MANAGEMENT
       1. Water Supply for Irrigation
      2. Disputes and Agreements
CHAPTER 7 - VII. MAINTENANCE OF IRRIGATION WORKS
      1. The works of Maintenance
      2. Funds for maintenance works
      3. Repair and Renovation works
Conclusion
Bibliography
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