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For M.Phil :
(Sangam Age to 900 A.D.)

             Antiquity of Irrigation- Water resources- Realization of the importance of Rain-water harvesting- Types of Irrigation- Agricultural practices and Agricultural products-Construction of wells, tanks, dams and barrages for irrigation works- Construction of sluices to regulate water supply- Technical skill of ancient Tamils in constructing means of irrigation works- Water-lifting devices- Water management – Water disputes and Agreements- Maintenance of irrigation works- Repairs and Renovation works – Funds for maintenance works- Role of Village sabhas and Rulers in Water management works.

For P.hd :
2. HISTORY OF MEDICINE IN SOUTH INDIA with special reference to TAMIL NADU (UPTO 16th c.A.D.)

             Primitive medicine and its development-influence of magic and religion on medicine- efforts taken by medical scholars to separate medicine from magic and religion-development of medicine in various countries- Evolution of Ayurveda in India.

             Introduction of Aayurveda in the South and its spread by Buddhists and Jains- Traditional medicine in Kerala- Reputed physicians of the South-Hospital system in South India- Naagaarjunakonda excavations and the existence of hospitals and University at Naagaarjunakonda.

             The Sangam people gave much importance on hygiene and moral ethics. Diseases prevailed in ancient times and the medical treatments adopted by the ancient Thamils – Siddha system, the Thamil medicine- Hospitals of the medieval period, functioning of full-fledged hospitals at Thirumukkoodal and Srirangam, reputed medical men of those days and the support given to them by the rulers are elaborately discussed with authentic references.

             Above all, the ancient Thamils had been blended with religious and supernatural beliefs. Their deep faith on idol worship and their strong belief on faith-healing are vividly discussed.

For Workshop on Manuscriptology :
                                  A Palm-leaf manuscript by Siddhar.

             A poem written in the form of ‘Prapantham’ type. It is enriched with imaginative excellences, mythological notes on Lord Shiva, Saiva Siddhaantha doctrines, state of salvation, the so-called philosophical thoughts on ‘maayai’, remarkable figures of speech like simile and different types of ‘maalai‘ are all discussed. The text of the poem is presented with necessary meanings and explanations. The dream on heavenly bliss, the state of soul, the abode of Lord Shiva and different forms of ‘maayai‘ are well explained.

For Project Work :
4. Attitudes and Awareness of Home-Remedial Medical Knowledge among Hindu & Muslim college girls.

             Medical knowledge of ancient man- Importance of Home-remedial measures- Samples and Recipes having medicinal values- Collection of data through samples – Classification and Tabulation of collected data- Representation of data by Tables and Diagrams- Sources imparting knowledge of Home-remedies- Analysis of data-Inferences drawn from the analysis- Awareness of College girls of home remedies for about 40 % of common ailments- Sources of home remedial knowledge – Comparative study of the home remedial knowledge of the Hindu & Muslim college girls and that between Rural and city girls- Suggestions and recommendations made on the basis of the analysis.

For U G C Major Research Project Work:
As a Project Fellow under Prof Dr A. EkambaraNadhan
Dept. Of Ancient History & Archaeology,
University of Madras, Chennai.

             Jainism religion-fundamental principles-viewed as a moral code-Exponent of Jaina Doctrines-Historicity and Archaeological evidences of the Theertthangarars from Rishabnatha down to MahaaVeerar. Divergent views of the scholars- Antiquity of Rishaba Cult- Earliest founded Images of Theertthangarars - Rishaba & Shiva-Iconographic similarities- Rishaba Cult in Tamil Nadu-Jaina evidences in Tamil Literatures-A set back of Jainism due to the rapid growth of Saivism & Vaishnavism in 7th C.A.D–Resurrection of in 14th -15th C.A.D-Single Depictions & sculptures of Theertthangarars- Rock Cut arts-A Theertthangarars Aadhi Naadhar-MahaaVeerar-AadhiNaadhar in a group of Three, Four, Five - A temple of RishabNaadhar at Perumandur during NandhiVarma Pallava-Jaina Temples in Tamil Nadu-Importance of Jwaalamaalini Yaakshi worship-Modern Jaina Temples-Jaina Paintings-Bronze images in Tamil Nadu.

For I.C.H.R Post-Doctorate Research Project:

             A General introduction about History of Medicine in the world up to the 16th C.A.D.- The period of the Renaissance- In the early seventeenth century- use of the microscope - a successful blood transfusion- the discovery of blood groups- P. Landsteiner-'Rh factor in human cells was established- outbreak of World War I - formulated of the "blood bank" - During the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939) a regular blood bank was established in Barcelona - concepts of the etiology of anaemias -ferrous sulphate as a therapy for anaemia - advances in laboratory medicine and the discoveries of haematopoietic factors- the eventual development of the polio vaccine- the diagnosis of syphilis-Early in the 19th century- The first description of Beri-beri- Scurvy and Rickets, were also deficiency diseases-"accessory food factors' which called as "Vitamines"-"Treatise of the Scurvy"-"Vitamin C", the preventive factor for Scurvy, was eventually isolated by Waugh and King in 1932 from the lemon fruit - The first clinical description of "Rickets" was made by Daniel Whistler in 1645 - The effect of nutrition on health has been extensively studied- the state of hyperglycaemia- a new era dawned in the treatment of Diabetes- anatomist- surgical pathologist- Medical Colleges- medical education and research- introduction of cow pox vaccination in 1796- Chloroform as an anaesthetic - Work of Florence Nightingale- The history of antibiotics- THE GOLDEN AGE - 1950s AND EARLY 1960s- SURGERY OF THE RENAISSANCE AND POST-RENAISSANCE PERIOD- SURGERY DURING THE 17TH, 18TH AND 19TH CENTURY- the story of the forceps- The modern practice of gynaecology- FAMILY PLANNING AND CONTRACEPTIVES-

Knowledge of Indian medicine in Europe-the story of Garcia dae Orta- European medical men in India- The Medical History of British India- Regional histories of disease- the effects of cholera in India from 1817 to the 1900s- the treatment of people with leprosy in late 19th-century India- Malaria, its treatment, and the discovery about mosquitoes- effects of plague on the Indian state in the late 19th century - The training of an Indian physician begins- Allopathic cardiac medications in India-Military Healthcare in Colonial India c. 1880 to 1930- Medical Professionalization in India, c.1880-1940.